On May 23, 2008, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) announced the establishment of the Emerging Technology and Research Advisory Committee (ETRAC). The ETRAC will assist BIS in evaluating currently controlled technologies and emerging technologies which may have national security significance.
The ETRAC will provide recommendations to BIS on how to help keep the Commerce Control List current with respect to emerging technologies and research and development activities that have dual-use applications. The committee will assess new and existing regulatory controls that are of greatest consequence to U.S. national security and study the implications of the release of dual-use technology to foreign nationals under current deemed exports licensing requirements.
BIS states that the ETRAC was formed in response to the dual-use export control directive issued by the President on January 22, 2008 to the Secretary of Commerce to implement programs to assess whether regulations "control the export and reexport of sensitive items while minimizing the impact on U.S. competitiveness and innovation." The ETRAC was also established in response to a recommendation of the Deemed Export Advisory Committee (DEAC).
BIS encourages qualified leaders in industry, academia, and research who have an in-depth knowledge of U.S. research and emerging technology that could affect U.S. national security to apply for ETRAC membership (information can be found in this Federal Register notice).