On November 14, 2011, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) published a final rule in the Federal Register amending certain requirements in the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) that apply to the Principality of Liechtenstein.
In the rule, BIS aligns license requirements and licensing policy under the EAR for Liechtenstein with those for Switzerland. Consequently, for purposes of the EAR, Liechtenstein will be treated the same as Switzerland.
Based on a Customs Union Treaty with Switzerland, Liechtenstein has adopted the export controls implemented under Swiss law, including those equivalent to those prescribed under multilateral regimes, and has authorized Switzerland to administer and enforce export controls within Liechtenstein's territory. As a result of this arrangement, Liechtenstein and Switzerland serve as one territory for customs and export purposes.
Based on this arrangement and its effect on export controls, BIS has determined that it is appropriate to codify the treatment of Liechtenstein and Switzerland as one territory for purposes of the EAR. This treatment of Liechtenstein is consistent with the effort of the United States to streamline licensing requirements where export controls prescribed by the multilateral regimes are implemented.
The final rule is effective November 14, 2011.