On December 9, 2010, the U.S. Commerce Department's Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) issued a proposed rule adding a new license exception to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). The new Strategic Trade Authorization (STA) license exception would allow exports, reexports and transfers (in-country) of specified items to destinations that pose little risk of unauthorized use of those items. To provide assurance against diversion to unauthorized destinations, transactions under this license exception would be subject to notification, destination control statement and consignee statement requirements. This proposed rule is part of the Administration's Export Control Reform Initiative undertaken as a result of the fundamental review of the U.S. export control system announced by the President in August 2009.
This license exception would encompass three different authorizations, based on the reason(s) for control underlying the license requirements that would apply to the item in the particular transaction at issue, the destination, the sensitivity of the item and the end-use. One authorization would allow items subject to any (or all) of seven reasons for control to go to 37 destinations. Another authorization would allow less sensitive items subject to only national security reasons for control to go to two additional destinations. The third authorization would allow less sensitive items subject to only national security reasons for control to go to 125 additional destinations for civil end- uses. National security-controlled items that are ineligible for the last two authorizations would be identified by the new ''STA exclusion paragraphs'' in the ''License Exceptions'' sections of 50 ECCN entries on the Commerce Control List. Thus, the STA exclusion serves the opposite function of a typical list-based license exception paragraph, such as those setting forth license exceptions LVS (§ 740.3) and GBS (§ 740.4), which identifies items that are eligible for a license exception.
Comments on the proposed rule must be received by BIS no later than February 7, 2011.