On July 8, 2011, the Bureau of Security and Security (BIS) announced that Xun Wang, a former Managing Director of PPG Paints Trading (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., a wholly-owned Chinese subsidiary of U.S.-based PPG Industries, Inc., has been charged with conspiring to violate the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA) and the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), and other related offenses.
Specifically, Wang, 51, is accused of conspiring to export and reexport, and exporting and reexporting specially designed, high-performance epoxy coatings to the Chashma 2 Nuclear Power Plant (Chashma II) in Pakistan, a nuclear reactor owned and/or operated by the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission. This entity is on the list of prohibited end users under the EAR.
Wang was arrested on the indictment on June 16, 2011, at Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson Airport and transferred to the District of Columbia. She is a Chinese national and lawful permanent resident of the United States. The United States is seeking to have her held without bond pending trial.
The indictment against Wang is related to the December 21, 2010, guilty plea of PPG Paints Trading (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. (PPG Paints Trading), to a four-count information in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. Together, PPG Paints Trading and its parent company, PPG Industries, Inc., paid $3.75 million in criminal and administrative fines and over $32,000 in restitution. The combined amount of criminal and civil fines represented one of the largest monetary penalties for export violations in the BIS history.
According to the indictment against Wang, in January 2006, PPG Industries sought an export license for the shipments of coatings to Chashma II. In June 2006, the Department of Commerce (DOC) denied that license application. Following that denial, Wang and her co-conspirators agreed upon a scheme to export and reexport the high-performance epoxy coatings from the U.S. to Chashma II, via a third-party distributor in People's Republic of China (PRC), without the required export license from the DOC.
The indictment further alleges that from June 2006 through March 2007, Wang and other co-conspirators intentionally concealed from PPG Industries that the paint would be delivered to Chashma II. Specifically, they falsely stated that the coatings were to be used at a nuclear power plant in China, the export of goods to which would not require a license from the DOC. The indictment alleges that, through these means, Wang and her co-conspirators took part in three shipments of coatings from the United States to Chashma 2 without the required license.