On July 15, 2010, the U.S. Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security published a final rule in the Federal Register to revise the Commerce Control List (CCL) to update and clarify crime control license requirements under the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). The rule updates and clarifies export and reexport license requirements on striking weapons, restraint devices, shotguns and parts, optical sighting devices, and electric shock devices. It also adds equipment designed for the execution of humans to the Commerce Control List. This rule makes no changes to the longstanding policy of denial of applications to export or reexport specially designed implements of torture. The rule provides additional illustrative examples of such items and adopts a definition of torture used in a U.S. statute that implements the United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
BIS published the rule as part of an ongoing review of crime control license requirements and policy. As part of the ongoing review, BIS received public comments on whether the scope of the items and destinations that are subject to crime control license requirements should be changed. After reviewing the comments and conducting its own internal deliberations, BIS decided to proceed in stages. This final rule is the culmination of the first stage that addresses relatively simple extensions, modifications or removals of items currently on the CCL or additions to the CCL of items that have an easily identified crime control or law enforcement nexus.
BIS plans to publish a subsequent proposed rule that will identify potential expansion of certain Export Control Classification Numbers (ECCNs) as suggested in the comments to the proposed rule; whether, and if so, the extent to which biometric measuring devices, integrated data systems, simulators, and communications equipment should be added to the Commerce Control List; the degree to which software and technology related to commodities on the Commerce Control List should be listed and how such software and technology should be described; and general policy issues such as whether the range of destinations to which crime control license requirements apply should be modified.