On December 11, 2009, the U.S. Department of Justice and Credit Suisse AG (Credit Suisse) entered into a global settlement agreement to settle alleged violations of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA), Trading with the Enemy Act (TWEA), the Executive Orders, and Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) regulations.
Credit Suisse, Lloyds TSB Bank PLC (Lloyds) and several other banks have been investigated for deleting and manipulating wire transfer information to conceal illegal money transfers involving Iran, Burma, Cuba, and Libya from the mid-1990s through 2006. Credit Suisse also instructed Iranian customers on how to format dollar-denominated transactions to avoid detection by the U.S. authorities.
Credit Suisse was fined $536 million after disclosing various apparent violations in a voluntary self-disclosure. According to the Assistant Attorney General, the fine would have been much higher had Credit Suisse not cooperated fully.
Lloyds used a similar technique to manipulate information that disguised clients in Iran and Sudan who were barred from doing business in the U.S. Based on OFAC's analysis of Lloyds' transactions, the bank routed over 4,200 wire transfers in apparent violation of IEEPA and the OFAC regulations related to Iran, Sudan, and Libya from June 2003 through August 2006.
Lloyds indicated that it terminated these illegal activities, including ceasing U.S. dollar clearing activities for Iranian bank customers in 2003, and has cooperated fully with OFAC investigation. Lloyds has settled with OFAC for $217 million, a sum which has been deemed satisfied by its prior payment of a larger amount in satisfaction of penalties assessed by the U.S. Department of Justice.
While Lloyds did not voluntarily self-disclose the apparent violations, OFAC mitigated the total potential penalty based on Lloyds' substantial cooperation and its prompt and thorough remedial response.