On April 6, 2009, the Department of Justice (DOJ) issued a press release announcing that Baktash Fattahi, an Iranian national and U.S. resident, was arrested on April 3, 2009, in California, on charges of conspiring to illegally export parts for fighter jets and military helicopters to Iran, a violation of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA), the Arms Export Control Act (AECA), and the U.S. Iran Embargo.
In an indictment, a Miami federal grand jury charged that Fattahi and ten other defendants conspired to and illegally shipped thirteen different types of aircraft parts designated as defense articles on the USML from the U.S. to Iran via Dubai, U.A.E.. The specific parts are known to be used primarily by the Iranian military. All of the parts exported were manufactured in the U.S., designed exclusively for military use, and designated by the U.S. Department of State as "defense articles" on the USML, which requires registration and licensing with the DDTC. Neither Fattahi nor other defendants were registered or obtained licenses from DDTC to ship these goods to Iran.
The indictment alleges that the defendants in Iran sent, via e-mail, orders to a co-conspirator in Novato, California, for specific aircraft parts. The co-conspirator in California would, allegedly, contact a counterpart in Florida and would make arrangements for the sale and shipment of the parts to one of the several defendant counterparts in Dubai. The parts were then shipped from Dubai to their final destination in Iran.
If convicted, the defendants face a statutory ten to twenty years imprisonment, and a fine of up to $1 million.